Panchabhoutikatwa of Dravya

In Ayurveda, the concept of “Panchabhoutikatwa of Dravya” refers to the principle that all substances (Dravya) are composed of the five basic elements, known as the Pancha Mahabhutas. These elements are:

  1. Prithvi (Earth): Represents solidity and stability. It is associated with qualities like heaviness, density, and firmness.
  2. Apas (Water): Represents liquidity and cohesion. It is linked with qualities like fluidity, softness, and moistness.
  3. Tejas (Fire): Represents transformation and metabolism. It embodies heat, brightness, and sharpness.
  4. Vayu (Air): Represents movement and dynamism. It is characterized by qualities like lightness, mobility, and subtlety.
  5. Akasha (Ether): Represents space and expansiveness. It is associated with qualities like openness and lightness.

Application in Dravya

Each Dravya (substance) in Ayurveda is believed to have a unique combination of these five elements, which determines its properties and effects on the body. The Panchabhoutikatwa principle helps in understanding the therapeutic actions and pharmacological properties of various substances, including herbs, minerals, and animal products.

Significance in Ayurveda

  1. Pharmacodynamics: The interaction of Dravyas with the human body depends on their elemental composition, which influences their taste (Rasa), potency (Veerya), post-digestive effect (Vipaka), and specific action (Prabhava).
  2. Diagnosis and Treatment: Understanding the elemental makeup of Dravyas helps in diagnosing imbalances in the body’s Doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) and prescribing appropriate treatments to restore balance.
  3. Diet and Lifestyle: The principles of Panchabhoutikatwa guide dietary and lifestyle recommendations, ensuring that individuals maintain harmony with their unique constitution (Prakriti) and the surrounding environment.


  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Predominantly composed of fire (Tejas) and air (Vayu) elements, ginger is warming and stimulating, aiding in digestion and circulation.
  • Milk: Rich in water (Apas) and earth (Prithvi), milk is nourishing and grounding, promoting tissue growth and hydration.

In summary, the Panchabhoutikatwa of Dravya is fundamental to understanding how substances interact with the body and contribute to health and wellness in Ayurveda. This holistic approach considers the elemental composition of everything in nature, emphasizing balance and harmony.

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About Dr. Ankurman Handique 47 Articles
A registered Ayurveda Practitioner. Loves to spread the knowledge of this Ancient Medical Science. He completed his degree BAMS(Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) from Govt. Ayurvedic College, Guwahati, Assam, India

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